Implant Therapy and Bone Regeneration
The replacement of missing teeth with implants is nowadays a well established treatment option.
The implant is a screw made of titanium that can be inserted in an already edentulous crest or after a tooth extraction. It can be placed in both in upper or lower jaw, in anterior and posterior regions, with a very high success rate. Its function is the same of the root: to support the dental crown.
Implant success is largely influenced by the balance between functional load and contact surface between bone and implant. If the amount of bone is insufficient in either width or height, bone regeneration could be necessary to make the replacement of missing teeth by implants possible. Different bone regenerative procedures can be proposed, according to the specific site conditions. Autogenous or allograph materials can be used to augment the quantity of bone.
Maxillary sinus is a cavity sited above the posterior region of the upper maxilla which can reduce the bone height available when teeth are extracted, avoiding implant insertion. If needed, the sinus floor can then be elevated and a bone graft placed in this area to allow implant placement, in the same or a delayed procedure.
Soft Tissue Augmentation.
A good quality and amount of tissue around implants or pontic sites (where a tooth is missing) is important for an optimal biological and aesthetic result. Different soft tissue surgical procedures exist to solve these problems, which are routinely performed in our office.